Tomorrow, August 9th, is the 70th anniversary of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, the second city in Japan after Hiroshima, three days earlier to be attacked and destroyed by a nuclear bomb dropped by the American Air Force during World War II.
The Nagasaki bomb effectively ended the Pacific War, which had begun with the attack on Pearl Harbor by Japanese forces on December 7, 1941.
This year the anniversary has extra significance, not just as the 70th since the end of World War II, but also against a rising tide of nationalism within the government of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and his LDP party.
There is unease among Japan's neighbors, namely South Korea and China, that Abe will not offer the standard statement of apology to mark the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II on August 14, the date Emperor Hirohito's decree to surrender was heard on the radio in Japan.
The day will be marked by solemn memorial services in Nagasaki, including an annual address by the Mayor of Nagasaki as he delivers a Peace Declaration to the World.
A solemn prayer is held at 11.02am, the exact time of the bombing and the mayor of Nagasaki will repeat his pleas for a nuclear-free Japan, against a backdrop of nuclear reactors being given permission to resume operation following the meltdown of a reactor in Fushima following the earthquake and subsequent tsunami on March 11, 2011.