There are only about a dozen completely original Japanese castles still in existence.
These castles remain more or less in their original state and are not reconstructions after castles were destroyed either at the beginning of the Meiji Period or during World War II.
Japan's twelve original castles include Hirosaki Castle in Hirosaki, Aomori Prefecture, Matsumoto Castle, Inuyama Castle, Himeji Castle in Hyogo, Bitchu-Matsuyama Castle, Hikone Castle, Matsuyama Castle, Uwajima Castle, Matsue Castle, Maruoka Castle, Kochi Castle in Shikoku and Marugame Castle.
Nijo Castle in Kyoto is not considered original as the present buildings date from the late 19th century as the castle buildings were burnt down a number of times in its history.
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