Listen to means of transport in Japanese from Joji
So far in our look at Japanese vocabulary categories we have covered animals, parts of the body, the numbers in Japanese, colors and days of the week, another useful vocabulary section is the world of travel.
Whether you live in Japan or are here as a tourist, travel and getting around will be a big part of your day. Here are some useful words.
train (densha 電車), station (eki 駅), bus (basu バス), taxi, (takushi タクシー), bicycle (jitensha 自転車), motorbike (motabaiku; otobai オートバイ), aeroplane (hikoki 飛行機), airport (kuko 空港), ticket (kippu 切符), travel pass (teiki 定期), ferry (feri フェリー), port (minato 港), platform (purattohomu; homu ホーム), passport (pasupoto パスポート), ticket barrier/wicket (kaisatsuguchi 改札口), limited express train (tokkyu 特急), express train (kyukou 急行), rapid (kaisoku 快速), semi-express (jyunkyuu 準急), local train (futsuu 普通), jiyuseki (non-reserved seat 自由席), shiteiseki (reserved seat 指定席), subway/underground (chikatetsu 地下鉄), bullet train (shinkansen 新幹線), monorail (monoreru モノレール), cable car (ropu-ue/keburuka ロープウエー/ケーブルカー), street car/tram (romendensha ろめん電車), car (kuruma/jidosha 車/自動車).
Some names of means of transport are written in katakana if the name is taken from a foreign language such as cable car (keburuka ケーブルカー), monorail (monoreru モノレール) and, of course, bus (bazu バズ) and taxi, (takushi タクシー)
Most visitors and residents will make use of Japan's extensive rail and urban subway systems for getting to and from work or traveling the country.
The inter-city shinkansen bullet trains and many express trains offer both reserved and non-reserved seats: shiteiseki (reserved seat 指定席) and jiyuseki (non-reserved seat 自由席). The Shinkansen first class carriages are known as "green car" (グリーンカー). Tickets and reservations can be booked at the station booking office, from ticket machines, from travel agents and online.
The shinkansen and most express trains have both smoking (kitsu-en 喫煙) and no-smoking (kin-en 禁煙) carriages, though smoking on platforms is being limited to small smoking areas. We'll go into more detail on the language needed to use Japanese trains in a future post. In the meantime, happy traveling!
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