Today we are going to look at a few country names, as they are rendered in Chinese characters. 国（くに、こく；kuni, koku）is country. To identify a country, you can often just place its kanji, or Chinese character, in front of that. (Katakana, the Japanese syllabary for foreign words, can always be used, and some countries only have a katakana rendering.)
中国（ちゅうごく、chugoku）＝ China, the "middle" country or kingdom, whence all comes
英国（えいこく、eikoku) ＝ England, the "hero" country
米国（べいこく、beikoku）＝ USA, the "rice" country
Other countries are frequently abbreviated to one character when referred to in the press. At right in parentheses is the original.
印（いん、in）＝ India （印度）
仏（ふつ、ぶつ, futsu, butsu）＝ France（仏蘭西）
西（にし、nishi）＝ Spain （西班牙）
欄 （らん、ran) = Holland （阿蘭陀）
加（か、ka）＝ Canada （加奈陀）
And let' not forget:
日本（にほん、にっぽん、nihon, nippon）＝ Japan
Please send other examples.
Thursday, September 11, 2008
Japan Tourist Info. Copyright © JapanVisitor From 2000. All rights reserved